Welcome to the beautiful world of aquascaping! Guys, today we’re gonna do another tutorial, this time, we’re gonna talk about aquarium plants and planting. So similar to the hardscape session, that we did a couple of weeks ago, you should not expect me to scape a tank fully. We’re gonna just talk Latin for the rest of the time here. So brace, here we go! ♪ Look at me, I’m in a bad situation ♪ ♪ Then look at him, he’s got a bad reputation ♪ ♪ They’ve been looking at us ♪ Marsilea hirsuta, Lilaeopsis brasiliensis, Eleocharis, Micranthemum Monte Carlo, Ranunculus inundatus, Marsilea crenata, Staurogyne repens. [Inaudible speech] Cryptocoryne wendtii Kompakt. How are you? Did I talk too much Latin? ♪ Why tell me to be good all the time? ♪ ♪ I’m wrapped around his finger, but it is mine. ♪ ♪ Don’t care what they say to live anyway ♪ ♪ Why do I need to be good all the time? ♪ The Green Aqua website has 374, so almost 400 aquarium plants. You can use the Green Aqua menu, as a reference. If you open that menu, you will see that the first big group of plants, that comes up is the positioning of the plants. As you can see in this picture, you’ve got the foreground plants, you’ve got the midground plants and then you have the background plants. Secondly, you can choose the plants based on their hardiness. What does that mean? If you have a low-tech tank, so if you don’t have CO2 injection, you will use some plants, that will tolerate the low CO2 environment. The next big category that I want to talk about, is the packaging type. Lab plants, as their name suggests are coming from a laboratory. They come in liquid jelly, or hard jelly and you can just take it out, rinse the jelly off and plant it. The second category would be the potted plants. They’re coming usually submersed, or immersed, you will have to keep them in the aquarium, until you are able to plant them in. Inside the plastic pot, you will see that there’s a rockwool, what you have to do is to remove the plant from the rockwool, like this and you can start planting. Let me talk about the third type of packaging! This is actually not packaging, but this is a padded plant. This is Lilaeopsis brasiliensis. You’ve also got the Riccardia moss, which is another type. And this also has some pad, so we actually just place that in the aquarium. There’s a fourth type of packaging. These are the potted plants, which are coming in this box. Without further ado, let’s talk about plants based on their placement. First of all, the foreground plants. Those are the most important plants, so I’m gonna help you to learn them. If you don’t have CO2, the mini grass, the Eleocharis would be the best for you. Now I’m making a bis mess and you can see hard jelly floating around, don’t worry about that. I’m just showing you how it will look. This will run everywhere, so you don’t have to plant this densely. One pot is enough for about this much, so one palm size. I’m rinsing the Monte Carlo now and I’m gonna plant this right next to the Eleocharis, for you guys, to see the difference. Never plant right next to the front glass. Why? You don’t let the plant some space to grow. With plants you’re basically buying genetics. Never mind about the look of the plant in the pot, it’s gonna change underwater, it’s gonna be much different. Monte Carlo is the plant with the bigger leaves. And then Cuba is the plant with the smaller leaves in the background. Right now, I’m planting in Dennerle gravel. Plants usually do not like inert substrates, so you should use some clay-based soil , like ADA Aquasoil Amazonia, etc. This is Glosso. It will grow much, much bigger, than this. The leaf size is gonna be much bigger, than this. This is a different type of Monte Carlo. This is the Monte Carlo, that came out of the pot. So which plant should you buy? Should you buys the potted plant, or should you buy the lab plant? It doesn’t really matter. I would suggest that you buy the lab plants, because they last longer. You don’t have to plant it right after you bought it. It’s much easier to handle. This is the potted Monte Carlo and this is the lab plant Monte Carlo. You can see that there’s a big difference between them. It’s gonna be the same plant, after a couple of weeks. This is Lilaeopsis brasiliensis. We’ve got another Marsilea, now that we’re talking about it. The Marsilea crenata is the smaller one. The Marsilea hirsuta is the bigger one. Usually you don’t plant underwater, I’m doing this for the demo purposes. Cladophora, which is also called “blanket weed”. This is a kind of algae. Be careful with this one, but it’s a low-tech plant and you can shape it actually, I made cacti out of this. The last foreground plant is the Utricularia graminifolia. It’s a moss-like plant, but it’s a carnivore plant. It’s very interesting to know about that. This is a very difficult plant, and many people had a lot of problems with the Utricularia here. I would suggest, that you do a dry start. Something being a foreground plant, only shows its size. So when I’m saying foreground plant, I’m actually referring to a small sized plant. What I would suggest you to do, is start with the foreground plants, when you’re planting your aquarium. Choose any of these six, or seven types of plants, that I introduced here. If you have a small tank, obviously you don’t want to use Glosso, or you don’t want to use the Brasiliensis. You want to use some smaller plants. If you don’t have CO2, you don’t want to use anything, but mosses in the foreground. Try to have a carpet and then try to play with the other types of plants, inside the carpet. Okay, so we’re kind of done with the foreground plants here. Mid-ground plants are mid-sized plants. One of the mos popular mid-sized plant, that you can use, also without CO2 injection is the Alternanthera reineckii ‘Mini’, which is reddish in tint and it will give some color to your tank. Even if you have a nano tank, you can use that. The next one is the Helanthium tenellum green. these are two plants and one rhizome connects them. So it will run away, and you’ll need to trim it. Rotala macrandra ‘Red Mini’. It is green. But this is gonna be really nice in red and it will stay low. The Sagittaria subulata. This guy is a runner. It will spread into your tank and go everywhere. Ranunculus inundatus, in we go! I’m gonna ask for Hydrocotyle verticillata here. You can put it back in the plant holding tank now. Looks like small umbrellas. Pogostemon helferi, the Pogo, as we call it. You’ve got the Acicularis on a pad. And check this out! See how big it is? Hemianthus micranthemoides. I think this can be anything. It can be a background plant, it can be a foreground plant, if you trim it quite regularly. But usually, this would be a stem plant. The Crypts are very nice low-tech plants. They are growing slowly and they tolerate… most of them will tolerate low CO2 environments. Cryptocoryne wendtii Kompakt. As the name suggests, this a nice a nice, reddish color, compact plant. These crypts can melt. If you introduce them into the tank, their leaves will melt. What Jurijs and other friends of mine are doing, is that they’re actually trimming the leaves themselves and trimming the tips of the roots themselves. And they’re planting only this middle. Next one, that I want to show you is the Cryptocoryne parva. It grows probably 5-6 centimeters. Tommy tells me that it grows higher. I’m getting to the bigger Crypts a little bit. The Wendtii green and the Wendtii brown are similar Crypts. I’m just gonna put them in here. And we also have a little, very small Crypt, the Hellgrün, which is also similar to Parva. I really like that, I use it a lot in my scapes. Like it? Mosses are very important, because you will use a lot of moss, if you have a low CO2 environment, because these plants are really hardy. This is a nice moss, a ‘Flame’ moss. This is the ‘Spiky’. The ‘Christmas’ moss looks like a Christmas tree. When you trim them, they will flow everywhere. It will get in-between other plants, it will start growing there, it’s very difficult, to keep at bay. A magic from Harry Potter. Limnobium laevigatum. These plants will float under the surface of your tank. These plants will clean your water a lot. Epiphyte is a plant living on another plant. These plants do not feel good, if you plant them in the substrate. The roots can rot. This is Pangolino and the other one is the small Bucephalandra. As a second option, you have the Anubias Bonsai. Even bigger, the Anubias nana, Anubias gold. The biggest one, which you can actually use as a background plant, is the Anubias barteri. Probably the hardiest Bucephalandra there is, is the Bucephalandra red. The next one is the Wavy green, which is a little bit more greenish in color. The fern types, I really use them in forest scapes. The Microsorum Pteropus Windelov is named by Mr. Windelov, founder of Tropica. The Microsorum narrow. Left side is Narrow and right side is Trident. The Bolbitis is a nice little fern, it will get a little it reddish in color. Even in Amano’s big tanks in Japan, I’ve seen Bolbitis, it wouldn’t fit in the picture. This big, or even bigger. It’s crazy how big this guy can grow. This one is the Hygrophila pinnatifida. A living proof, that TwinStar lights are not damaged when you drop them in the aquarium. Yes! So it’s perfect, we can start now. Stem plants at Green Aqua. Welcome to the plant holding tank! The first plant is the Echinodorus bleheri, which is quite a big plant and most people are using it in their low-tech tanks, as their first plant, that they have. I will move to the Rotala green here. This is how the immersed leaves look like. They are much more roundish. And this is how the submersed leaves look like. It’s quite a beautiful plant. So if you want a nice green plant, a stem plant for the background, I would highly recommend the Sp. green. Rotala rotundifolia is another nice plant right there, which goes together quite well with the Rotala sp. green. We actually use these guys together, most of the time. Next one is the Vallisneria, which is the normal shaped, long Vallisneria. Vallisneria americana however has the twisted leaf size. Limnophila hippuridoides. The top of the leaf is green, but the bottom of the leaf is reddish. Lastly, we’re gonna move to the Ludwigia species. We have three types of Ludwigia here. These are nice and red. I’ve got two submersed plants here. This is the Rotala H’ra. This is the last Rotala that I wanna show you guys. This is the Rotala wallichii. I didn’t talk about the small hairgrass, the Eleocharis Vivipara. I was taught by Attila just now, that vivipara in Latin means live-bearer. This is Egeria densa. We called it Átokhínár. This is the only Hungarian that I know from my childhood, because I used to have it in my tank. What I wanna do now is I wanna walk around and show you what kind of plants we have in our show tanks at this moment and to see how we use those plants, really quick. Rotala H’ra there, in the background. Hydrocotyle tripartita is right here and then we’ve got the Riccardia moss in the background and then we’ve got some Riccia in there. You see that? I’m gonna take that out and I’m gonna eat it. Okay, so I’m gonna teach you a Hungarian word! Tojócső! Which is laying tube. We’ve got quite a specialized laying tube here. The Cryptocoryne wendtii Kompakt has brought us some flowers, but as the flower came up, it looks like a laying tube for me. It reminds me of the Alien movies, you know when the laying tube came out, like a tongue from the alien’s mouth. Right there, behind it, we have a huge chunk! Check this out! Riccardia moss. If you guys think, that Rotala green is a background plant, this is a living proof, that you can trim it to become a midground plant, or even a foreground plant. Because this guy comes here, all the way to the foreground and it just stays really nice and low and it’s kind of flowng down. Then you’ve got the Rotala H’ra there. And you’ve got the Rotala rotundifolia in the back. This is how Hygrophila pinnatifida should look like, when you trim it regularly. You can see, how nice and compact it is. I’m at Filipe’s tank and I’m not gonna get into much detail with this one, because you can watch Filipe’s workshop. Ludwigia arcuata, which is a nice red plant. We don’t have it anywhere else in the gallery, at this moment. I really like it! Moving on to the 650 tank, that we made a video of just two weeks ago. Matogrossense in the back. We’ve got the Rotala rotundifolia and Rotala green in front of it. This tank is is full with weeping moss. And I’ve got different Bucephalandra types. This is how a proper Riccardia moss should look like. This is what you have to aim for! The health is perfect, the growth is perfect. I hope that we didn’t bore you to hell with this abundance of plant names, that we bombarded you with in the last fifteen minutes. If you like the Green Aqua channel, please don’t forget to susbscribe! Or hit the bell button, to get notified of our future uploads. Or hit the like button, if you liked this video and the Latin plant names here. Until next week! Bye! ♪ I’m trying to be good all the time ♪ Hygrophila pinnatifida, Eleocharis vivipara, Limnophila sessiliflora, Ceratopteris thalictroides Microsorum, Hygrophila, Bacopa, Rotala, Lindernia, Valisneria, Lymnophila, Ludwigia, Anubias, Hydrocotile, Blyxa Japonica, Cryptocoryne, Triparita, Wendtii green… Pangolino, Albida brown…


  1. Haha, I’ve dropped both an E and an S Twinstar light in a tank, each twice.
    Defo waterproof for a dunkable period!

  2. Balazes love your Green Aqua videos……Hopefully one of these days I can visit Budapest ,and stop by Green Aqua,and say hi.If your ever visiting Saint Augustine Fl,look me up.You would like this town,its the Oldest Spanish settlement in the Us.It dates back to 1500s.

  3. I used echinodorus tenellus to carpet my low tech tank and i sort of regret that choice because it grows like crazy.

  4. Thank you for this awesome video. Helpful and funny fill with passion for your work= perfect.
    Kérlek Balázs ne ted tönkre a berendezést😀😀 köszi hogy meg nevetettél. Szuperek vagytok bravo❤

  5. Me: Sees new Green Aqua video get posted while doing homework.
    My homework: Will you still finish me off or leave me in the dark?
    Me: Bye.

  6. man , that was a loooooooot of plants……. amazing and nice to discover how some of them are called…ah um…can you repeat them all again..hehehehe….replay

  7. Yeah i speak some latin i am a landscaper, so i know a lot of stuff.😏
    Was just a logical step from keeping fish to get into aquascaping.🤘

  8. I saw many of your tanks with co2 ,,I am great fan of u and green aqua,, please bro can you make non co2tank and in the feauture updates,,,please and also which is best for non co2tank and which best for co2tank please I am looking for the video,,

  9. And also I am from India how I get plants from Green aqua and green aqua products please suggest or guide me ,,,please bro,,with love

  10. A lot of latin. But a great introduction into the beautiful world of aquascaping.
    Summa summarum: Carpe diem, docendo discimus. (You're right. That sounds so smart.)🤟

  11. Loved the video! Please do another one with more detailed informations or even tips on how to combine certain plants to acheave a certain look. Wood love to watch this, keep it comming!

  12. This was all awesome. Loved it! Thank you and not boring at all👍. Some of the foreground plants looked light green/yellowish….was that just the camera/video?? I love the rich darker green plant tones much more.

  13. There seems to be more emphasis on using Co2 injection.. what about for the others of us that do not use it at all.. hmm I don't speak Latin but I do know a few words now haha.

  14. The only moment I was bored was the moment the video ended. Nothing tops green aqua videos on my feed. 👍👍👍

  15. Great video. Enjoyed that. Seeing you dunk the light in the tank was needed. – Things were going too well. 😀

  16. This is amazing! It was great help as I am really getting into aquascaping and I work at my local fish store and I help people with fish and plants and now I will be even more helpful! thank alot I love your videos keep them coming!

  17. ~150€ and Twinstar hasn't any secure like ADA or Chihiros ??! whaaat 🙂
    BTW Latin names – The only Right one, same for everybody.

  18. A third of those plants you boast about is always out of stock. I have not placed a plant order in over half a year because all the plants I want to buy are never in stock at the same time, and I'm not willing to break down my purchase into 2-3 different deliveries, firstly because I would need to pay 2-3 shipping fees, secondly because I would need to plant those plants in 2-3 segments potentially weeks apart, and we both know that is not advisable.

  19. Thé dropped light, ooh . But in your relaxed style, not a problem 😉 great video on sooo many plants, very informative tutorial. Great quality as always. Thank you ,and have a great weekend all the Green Aqua team.

  20. Nice video again, love my plants,can never have enough. But what I experienced is that some species don't do well in my tank. I know some plants need another setup, but I do try them out. There is One in particular I have tried several times but I don't succeed and I have never seen you handling it: ludwigia species white. I know it's a cultivar but is there a reason why you don't use it? What I m also curious about is that some plants can't go with another species, maybe you can explain that some time( there are plants who kill the others just by standing next to it)
    It's a difficult puzzle to grow everything well and remain your balance, it's like a full time hobby. Love it though. I heard you spoiled Peter with a new setup/ scape? Looking forward to that one! Have a great week.

  21. Nice video as always, a lot of information! Question, what do you do to have those awesome red h'ra?! I have it in my tank but dont have that vibrant red!

  22. Szia Balázs, execellent video! Took some notes for future reference 😀 Just wondering though, do you know of any comparable (online) store that i could order from in Canada? Thanks in advance és egy kellemes hétvéget kívánok nektek. P.S. "In nostra patria, multe silvam sunt" is all the latin i remember 😀

  23. Subtitulos en Español porfavor😂😂 para la gente que habla español como por ejemplo Balbi Vaquero🤩🤩🤩🤩

  24. Your videos are always found at the perfect time right when i need them. Thank you so so much for this video. I love the free spirit and the fact that the videos are not made to be perfect – well in a sense of natural, I suppose they are perfect. 🙂

  25. Is this aquatic plants doesnt need co2 system, because my only problem on doing aquascape is idk if the plants needs co2 system.

  26. 😂 you talk too fast. The " jungle Aquarium " that you have planted has become cool. See you next Time LG Mona 👍❤

  27. My latin is limited to…veni vidi vici, lol. That is what I tell my plants…veni vidi vici. They laugh and do as they wish.

  28. I always love the videos you guys post. I have a question though. Is there a place in the U.S. to buy 1,2, grow plants??

  29. Thanks for this large Tutorial !! It's very important to see how the "adult" plants are looking , to make some ideas of where and why you can plant this one or another.. i've made a new Scaping aquarium ( ) i did use this " utricularia gramnifolia" for a front carpet , I hope it will grow nicely =) And Thanks for all your work, it's inspiring me everytime. You gave me the passion of the Aquascaping <3

  30. Balazs this video is massively helpful mate, especially to people like me that are newer, us newbies can do all the research we like but after getting all our new plants home might end up putting bucephalandra roots in the substrate!
    I do like to use your website, I might even order from you in the future instead of from local stores!

  31. I think the background music on this is great! Really pleasant and kinda fun. Adds to the video alot guys, keep up the good work!

  32. nice!

    Aquascaping uses quite different plants. I'll definetely try Bolbitis because I love ferns. Mostly because my fish don't eat ferns…

    I randomly tried Mayaca fluviatilis – this plant is silver! So cool.

  33. Thanks for the great explanation! for showing your knowledge and not hiding it from those who are willing to learn! Congrats on the videos! Greetings here from Brazil (it was well in Latin!) Many of these plants found in our streams and in various regions of Brazil! Come visit us!

  34. So my tank is almost finished just need to add the fish tomorrow, but i just notice that my tank is about low on plants, so my question is should i add more plants before adding the fish or should i add it while i'm canging the water?

  35. Hello, watching GREEN AQUA video is a pur moment of happiness for aquascaping fan like me. By the way, I just discover on a french YouTube aquascaping Channel : a so very new product : Epaqmat XXL Hemianthus callitrichoides . Will you soon sell it on your website ? I will buy it as soon available for final customer !!!

  36. Thank you for the "boring" plant lessons. Absolutely not boring at all. I loved it and learned a lot. Thanks and Greetings from Holland.

  37. Hello my friend!!
    How you remeber all the names of the plants????
    Very nice video!!
    I hope you are ok my friend!!
    Love from 🏖️🌞🐳🐋🐟🐠🐬🦐🦀🦑🐙Greece😊🐬🏖️🦀🐙🐬🐳🐠

  38. Our pet shop back in the day only sold those 'Egeria Densa' this is however the first time I see it's Latin name.. It was the only plant in my tank when I was like 10/11. We usually just called them Oxygen Plants. 😀

  39. Hi… can you suggest how to control cryptocoryne wendtii from growing huge with long and thick stems and long leaves.? Its a 3 ft low tech tank and i like the crypts if it stays compact like in your videos…

  40. Great video as always, but as a complete plant noob, I would also prefer to watch a longer video going more in dept on each plant 🙂 i know i can read all this until my mind blows up, but i do prefer a detailed video over reading any day 😉

  41. Could you do a video about the complications of a monochromatic plant setting please?
    I often have my Garden customers ask for this in their landscape and …ugh. There's always a problem eventually. Biodiversity truly is key to any successful life making a go of it.

  42. Could you do a video about the complications of a monochromatic plant setting please?
    I often have my Garden customers ask for this in their landscape and …ugh. There's always a problem eventually. Biodiversity truly is key to any successful life making a go of it.

  43. You missed hygrophila pinnadifida .. Can you please tell me how to attach it on bog wood or stone.. ?? Also how to take care of this plant.. I tried to plant it in substrate but every time it melted.. I love this plant.. Please help me out..

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