DIY aquarium Bio-Pellet reactor

DIY aquarium Bio-Pellet reactor

Hi Everybody Joey Here again and Welcome back so in Today’s Video? We’re Going to build A bio Pellet Reactor for Saltwater Aquariums Now When I set my Saltwater Aquarium Up I knew That There was Three Projects I wanted to do right [away] which is the bio Pellet Reactor A nano skimmer as, well as an Auto Top Off We’ll Be Covering the bio Pellet Reactor in Today’s Video and Then in Some Future Videos? We’ll get back to the skimmer as? Well as the Auto Top off but if you can’t Wait I’ve Actually Already built Those Projects in the Past You Can go back Into my past Videos and Check Those out Now if You’re not Familiar With what I bio Pellet Reactor Is in The first Place Basically They Allow you to remove Nitrates from your Aquarium System and This is due to the bio Polymer Pellets that We’re Going to Add to the reactor but We’re Going to come back to Exactly how that’s Works After I show [you] how to build it first of all you’re Going to need Some bio Polymer Beads Now These are Available in A wide range of bit of brands but These are going to act as your source of Carbon for the Bacteria you’ll, also need A Small Aquarium Pump that is Preferably Adjustable The one I’m using IS 80 Gallons per Hour However I can Adjust The Flow and it only uses four watts of Power the best part is i only Paid? $7.99 on Amazon Now if You use this pump you’ll need a little bit of knitting mesh as Well you just need a small Amount Although you Could Use any Sort of mesh and Place it over the Output of the Pump the Reason Being Is that When the pump Shuts Off and The [Pellets] Settled They Can get inside the Motor so you want to be able to stop them Somehow? you’ll Also need some Glue or some silicones and of Course A water Bottle and for this to be the most efficient you want to Make Sure that it is Round and Smooth as Opposed to Rigid Now if There’s Nano Sized [Reactors] Not Good Enough for you you can go Ahead and get some four inch Acrylic Pipe and Build A giant Sized One Like I’m going to do for my 375 Gallon in The Future This Build Should Take you [No] longer than five Minutes Which [is] the beauty of it it’s very Simple Start Off By Drilling A hole in the Cap of your Bottle and Make sure that it Fits on Snuggly to your Pump then glue the mesh Down Over Top of the Output of the Pump but do not Obstruct The Ability [to] put the Bottle Back in Place Now you need to drill a bunch of holes at the Top of the Bottle I prefer to drills much Smaller holes and drill a lot Of Them so the bio Pellets Cannot Exit the Bottle Drilling Them at the Top Though means that the Chances of getting out Are Slim Anyways because the by Pellets Are Only Going to fill up half This Bottle now We just got to put it all together Now if You’ve Never dealt With bio Pellets in the Past There’s tons of? Documentation and Instructions on how to start One of These Up but ideally you Want to start off With About? 25 Percent of The Amount you need in My case i’m going Ahead and Filling it up just for this Video to give you A Visual Then Attach the pump With the cap on it back Onto the Bottle and You’re Done Now if You Didn’t Soak the [vial] Pellets for About 24 Hours Prior [To] Putting it in The Bottle They will Float A bit but that’s not too Much of A problem Once You turn the pump On what You want to Look for Is that the bio Pellets are Simply Continuously Moving Around and They’re not? Compact Or Packing Together at Any Point You want the Water to Freely Flow Through it but you? Don’t want them to go Crazy Throughout The Bottle so Make sure that you Would Just the Flow [of] the Pump to Make it just right Now if You’re going with this design it’s best to put it in your Sump and put it after your mechanical Filter but before your Protein Skimmer After your Mechanical Filtration so that you filter out the all of Particles From the Water before it reaches The bio Pellet Reactor Yet before The Skimmer Because the Bacteria that’s Going to be Living on the Bottle will be Dying off Eventually and Exit the Bottle so you’ll want your protein Skimmer to be able to remove that For me I’ve Been Running mine on my aquarium for about four Weeks and I went from Having Nitrates to Zero Nitrates Now Typically This will Take About Six Weeks to kick in and Cycle the Bacteria On The Bio Pellets However You want to Speed that up you Can, add Bacterias like Bio Digest by Pro Video and That will Speed the Process up Tremendously Now There’s A few Different Types of Bacteria in A Bottle [that] will Work so [i] suggest you do your research and [find] out What’s most affordable to you and Available to you within a couple of Weeks you’ll Notice that your Nitrates in your Aquarium are? Undetectable [and] Even your phosphates Come Down A bit you See this will Remove Nitrates and Phosphates To a ratio of 16 to 1 so all in all i’m about nine Dollars Into This Project Plus Another Six Dollars Worth of the Bio Pellets that I used now the entire Container cost Me $30 but I’m only using six Dollars of that at Each Time it Should, also Be Said that the bio Pellets Don’t last Forever you do Have to Constantly replace Them as They’re Consumed but Usually you Won’t have to do for several Weeks to several Months Depending on your System [now] This Bacteria Still has A life Cycle so it [Eventually] dies and That Fluidization of The Bio Pellets Knocks off That Old Bacteria and New Bacteria Can Take its Place but That Old Bacteria Will Be tossed Back Into your Aquarium if you Don’t have A good Protein Skimmer After it Or perhaps some sort of A Mechanical Trap to Make Sure You [get] you traffic all so for [fifteen] Dollars you too Can build your Own Bioreactor and Have A big Impact on your Aquarium but how [Does] This Work, well the bio Pellets are A? Biodegradable Source of Carbon Now if You Give Certain Species of Bacteria A Source of Carbon They Can Consume It and Basically use it as a food source [so] they Can Consume additional Nutrients in The Aquarium like Nitrates and Phosphates Now if You, were to build this exact Reactor That I’ve Shown you this Would Easily Handle about A 75 Gallon Aquarium using about 250 Milliliters of These Bio Pellets in A 500 Milliliter Bottle However The More Pellets that You Use and the bigger the Bottle is the Larger The Aquarium This Could Handle Now These bio Pellets Have Been in The Aquarium Hobby for A few Years Now [and] There’s tons of Documentation and Discussions out There That will allow you to really dive Deep Into Whether or not you Need Or Could want A bio Pellet Reactor so I suggest you doing your Research before Attacking This Project Although This Is a really Affordable and Extremely effective Project to Do so it’s up to you and what you do here Anyways don’t that you guys [Enjoy] [Today’s] Project I’D also like to thank you for Watching and if You join me next Sunday I’ll have a new Do-It-Yourself Project for you

100 thoughts on “DIY aquarium Bio-Pellet reactor

  1. Great video. Those are by far the best bio pellets I've used due to the fact that they don't clog my pumps or tubing like the other brands do.

  2. Are these biopellets different to what the biomax that came with my aquaclear, at least in terms of nitrate reduction? or am I way off base.

  3. 'we've been using biodigest for some time now, and it does help! i can recommend it to people who need something like that 🙂

  4. If you put the reactor after the skimmer the dead bacteria can feed your filter feeders such as feather duster worms, gorgonians and sponges you might have.

  5. I would love to meet up with you while you are here for the GCCA show. I have been trying to get a sit-down with you for 2 years since i first stubbled onto your channel. I would love to pick your brain in regards to a large project i am trying to do. Thank you.

  6. I wanted to use it in my fresh water aquarium would it work as how it suppose or is it like the bottle with the fluidized media not really using its full potential

  7. I am not sure but in UK, smart water bottle has very sticky sticker and glue under smells very toxic. Good staff but please use different bottle I think.

  8. Guys.. almost 80.000 views and you give just 2.125 likes ?

    Come on.. Lately YT is kinda broken and now they need likes! It takes 1 or 2 seconds to press the like button.. Help Joey! He deserves it

  9. Biopellet reactor on a freshwater tank?!My turtle hates plants so a way to keep nitrates down between monthly water changes would be great!

  10. Hi, my anglefish is eating the feed and spitting back instantly from 1 month the feed is also very new one what might be the reason? anglefish has been spowned 2 times, also changed my aquarium water. Please comment my question. your video r very awesome. keep making the videos…

  11. I've just started watching your videos and I haven't seen all of your fish. So, have you ever thought of or had a black ghost knife fish?

  12. You mentioned using a bio pellet reactor on your 375 gallon freshwater system. How are you planning to export its waste product ? obviously you cant use a skimmer so im interested i would like to try it for my 180 gallon Oscar Tank

  13. Hey Joey, I have a question regarding setting up a budget tank, but still keeping upgradeability in mind.
    Is there any reason if you were to build a tank, you couldnt use a 4-5ft tank, but set it up as a nano build in terms of bio-load?

    Im talking about only 1 or 2 fish and maybe some live rock in one corner of the tank with one small light, and then leave most of the tank empty and unlit?

    Would it be possible to do this and only use the filtration required for a nano aquarium? If so extra filtration can slowly be added and the bio-load can slowly be increased? Obviously this would be a much lower initial investment so im curious as to what you think.

    Sorry for the long post i hope this makes sense.

  14. Hey joey , yesterday when I was cleaning my175 gallon tank I found a massive crack out there ,,,, I didn't even knew about your channel , I was very frustrated I searched on google for help , and then I found your channel you saved my fishes thank you ,,thank you so much

  15. Name the new guy "Mr. T." 🙂 That name would fit him because he is tough, confident and looks like he would rock a gold chain if he could.

  16. can you suggest me how to reinforce the bottom of a framed glass aquarium. I plan to put a lot of rocks on it. its a 75g marineland.

  17. Joey: What I do with mine (not a DIY project would need a large one as my Reef tank is over 200g ) is run the output of reactor it is near the intake of my Protein Skimmer 🙂 Cant wait for your Large DIY Reactor 🙂

  18. hi joey, do I need a biopellet reactor in a freshwater tank or is a filter with ceramic cylinders and carbon enough for a healthy freshwater aquarium? if it is important, is their a DIY replacemnet media for biopellets?

  19. Do you always have to buy your water for the aquarium. Or is there a cheaper way to get it or is there a way to make your own that is cheap to do.

  20. Could you just run this in the corner of your tank? As I do not run a sump or wier system and it will be for a freshwater tank.

  21. hi Joey I watch all your videos they are so awsome. I have a question though. I have a 55 gallon african peacock cichlid tank that has been set up for about 5 months. I've been having trouble keeping my nitrates and nitrites down. I feed them every other day. my ph and ammonia are perfect also. I'd like some insight on any ideas. thank you again Joey.

  22. Greetings Joey, I'n your fan and have your book and follow your videos, question for you – What would you do for a bio-pellet reactor in a freshwater tank to remove old dead bacteria? you mentioned about a skimmer here but that won't work in freshwater. Do you have any workaround in freshwater?

  23. gday mate firstly love the vids …. have you ever thought about using plants like (aquaponics) to clean your tank water ? just a thought keep up the top work

  24. Would this be good for a 75 gal. fresh water aquarium. I have a 20gal sump with an isolation area after the bio balls I would put it in.

  25. love you vids Joey! speaking from personal experience i removed my biopellet reactor and went to liquid dosing. the reactor works best in a recirculating configuration. you need to have enough water movement to tumble the media, but with more flow you begin to strip the water TOO clean. if you have too much biopellets going on in a while you'll begin getting this nasty pink goo forming everywhere basically slowing your water flow down to almost a halt. liquid dosing of vodka or better yet, NOPOX by RedSea took care of that problem and it's a lot more controlable in that you dose in mL so you know EXACTLY how much you are removing equal to how much you dose. I know you did a dosing video a long time ago, so this would fit in perfectly 😉

  26. Hi I'm looking into starting a Asian arowana tank and was wondering if you know any breeders in United States. I'm in texas

  27. Joey! Can you do a DIY recirculating biopellet reactor. It would be much better to control the waterflow going through the reactor, aswell as control the waterflow to tumble the biopellets. Please can you make one! Would love to see your design on this one!

  28. Thank you for this! I had been looking everywhere and they are so expensive to go out and purchase. Absolutely just ordered a small pump like the one you used and will be building this next week to get into my sump asap!

  29. Hi Joey, so can I put this in a quarantine tank? Just the biopellet inside the aquarium, without the skimmer, just like your setup? or no?

  30. Hi; Firstly to thank you for your DIY Videos. Thay are very good. I have a question about DIY biopellet reactor. I made it and put in the sump when I start the pump all the biopellets are goes to up of the bottle and stay there they son't be under side of the bottle. Why? What could I do it to solve this problem?

  31. Is that the same as a fluidized filter?
    You mentioned saltwater. I'm getting ready to change my freshwater system to a sump system.
    This type of closed system seems quite perfect for my use. (I need a closed system with little air mixing to not wash out more CO2 than necessary.

  32. Hi Joey, could you please list all of the equipment that you used to make a bio pellet reactor? Where did you get a pump?

  33. im getting really confused now. sump, reactors, protein skimmer. do we need all of these or just one of them ? will Aquaponics do the job ?

  34. Did you know? There has been some places where there is 10+TONS of dead bacteria cells all clumped together, this happens because the individual cells are so tiny and bacteria can colonize very well to eat them and when they do, they die and make the pile bigger

  35. If you can mod this and make it recirculating that'd be great… part of the output goes into input post pump …

  36. Hi Joey, thank you for your great information you share here. Could this be used in a African cichlid setup to lower the nitrate levels. Thank you.

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