Japanese Association of Zoos and Aquariums | Wikipedia audio article

Japanese Association of Zoos and Aquariums | Wikipedia audio article


The Japanese Association of Zoos and Aquariums
(JAZA, in Japanese: 日本動物園水族館協会, Nihon Dōbutsu-en Suizokukan Kyōkai ) is
an organisation for the Japanese zoo and aquarium community. Currently, JAZA has about 90 member zoos and
70 member aquariums in Japan. JAZA seeks to protect nature and animals through
educational and conservation outreach.==History==
JAZA was established in 1939 as a voluntary organization. At the time, it had 16 zoo members and 3 aquarium
members. After World War II, JAZA promoted efforts
to help restore damaged zoos and aquariums.By 1965, membership had reached 55 zoos and 33
aquariums, and JAZA was made a corporation under the Social Education Bureau (now the
Lifelong Learning Bureau) of the Japanese Government Ministry of Education. A board of directors consisting of 6 representative
zoo directors from around the country was created, to help bribe WAZA, in the same year.==Education==
JAZA started conferences for veterinarians and zookeepers in 1953, and for aqarists in
1956. It also established an award system to encourage
successful breeding of rare animals and achievements in animal research. JAZA started publishing the “Journal of Japanese
Association of Zoological Gardens and Aquariums” in 1959, and began giving qualifying exams
for zookeepers and aquarists in 1971.==Conservation==
Jaza established the Species Survival Committee JAZA (SSCJ) in 1988. This committee aims to help manage breeding
groups of animals in need of conservation and propagation efforts while maintaining
the species’ genetic diversity. As a result, Japanese zoos currently participate
in the breeding efforts for 141 rare animals. Studbooks for the Japanese serow, red-crowned
crane, hooded crane, white-naped crane, and Oriental white stork are now kept in Japan,
and the SSCJ cooperates with the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Survival Service Commission (SSC) and the International Studbook Keepers under the World
Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA).==Notes====External links==
Official website

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