Turtles All the Way Down!!! A Reunion Video

Good morning, Hank. It’s Tuesday, October 10th, 2017, and I’m sitting on a hotel floor in New York City, which can only mean one thing: my new book, Turtles All the Way Down is out now, at least in the US, the UK, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, and several other countries. First things first, if […]

Why Megalodon (Definitely) Went Extinct

About 8 million years ago, a little baleen whale was swimming in the warm coastal waters of Peru. It was only about 3 or 4 meters long, about the size of a Beluga whale, and while it filtered mouthfuls of plankton-rich water, it was unaware that just below it swam a predator. Like the great […]

The Mystery of the Barreleye Fish

Just off the west coast of the United States, deep down in the Pacific Ocean, there lives a fish. And not just any fish. With its long, bulging eyes and transparent head, the Pacific barreleye fish is a little… different. Biologists don’t actually know much about it, because like many deep-sea animals, the barreleye is […]

When Fish First Breathed Air

385 million years ago, the land was all but empty. The continents were home to only some sparse plants and fungi, and a few pioneering arthropods. Life in the oceans, however, was booming. The waters teemed with squid, bony fish, and sea scorpions. But there was one group of fish that was about to go […]

Shark Weapons

Here’s a question for you: if we have no written record to where a species may have been found over time, what sort of evidence can we look for in order to determine where it may have once lived? I bet “weaponry” wasn’t the first thing that came to mind, but, sure enough, that’s exactly […]

Modern Human Migration and Echolocating Eels

There’s something that’s been puzzling scientists for a while. We knew that modern humans originally came from Africa about 200,000 years ago, but… we didn’t really know when we left. According a paper published this week in Nature, teeth found in Fuyan Cave in the Hunan Province of China puts prehistoric modern humans, or homo […]

When Sharks Swam the Great Plains

If you’ve ever been to, or lived in, or even flown over the central swath of North America, then you’ve seen the remnant of what was a uniquely fascinating environment. It’s all prairies and cities now, but long ago, it was rife with exotic, aquatic life. It was full of ammonites, colossal clams, and toothy […]

Shark Fin CSI

In 2012, Illinois became the first non-coastal state to ban the distribution, sale, and trade of shark fins like this one. At first glance this may seem odd considering there’s no ocean anywhere in sight, but not when you acknowledge that many inland states contribute to the decline of shark populations by importing shark fins […]

Fossil Sharks

– The fossil sharks are hiding today. – But look! A fossil shark clue! – This is the tooth of the Carcharocles megalodon, or better known as the Megalodon shark. These unfathomably large predatory giants swam in our oceans from about 52 million to 2 million years ago. Based off of the large size of […]

An Electric Eel and a Caiman

:introduction jingle: :sloshing water and bird sounds as gentle orchestra music plays in the background: So, we’re out here with Maria and Isabel. And, they’re Icthyologists, and we’re going to go fishing. They have this net. Where they sweep the net through the deeper parts of the water. And, try to get the fish to […]