Why are sharks so awesome? – Tierney Thys

Sharks have been celebrated as powerful gods by some native cultures. For example, Fijians believe the shark god Dakuwaqa, could protect fisherman from the dangers at sea. And today, sharks are recognized as apex predators of the world’s ocean and include some of the Earth’s longest living vertebrates. What is it that makes these fish […]

Can you solve the fish riddle? – Steve Wyborney

You are the cargo director on the maiden voyage of the S.S. Buoyant, and you’ve agreed to transport several tanks containing the last specimens of a critically endangered fish species to their new aquarium. Unfortunately, as you’re passing through shark-infested waters, the boat is battered by a fierce storm, throwing your precious cargo overboard. And […]

Why do we harvest horseshoe crab blood? – Elizabeth Cox

During the warmer months, especially at night during the full moon, horseshoe crabs emerge from the sea to spawn. Waiting for them are teams of lab workers who capture the horseshoe crabs by the hundreds of thousands, take them to labs, harvest their cerulean blood, then return them to the sea. Oddly enough, we capture […]

How Do Pain Relievers Work? – George Zaidan

Translator: Ido Dekkers Reviewer: Ariana Bleau Lugo Say you’re at the beach, and you get sand in your eyes. How do you know the sand is there? You obviously can’t see it, but if you are a normal, healthy human, you can feel it, that sensation of extreme discomfort, also known as pain. Now, pain […]

What is the tragedy of the commons? – Nicholas Amendolare

Imagine as a thought experiment that you live in a small village and depend on the local fish pond for food. You share the pond with three other villagers. The pond starts off with a dozen fish, and the fish reproduce. For every two fish, there will be one baby added each night. So, in […]

Can you solve the pirate riddle? – Alex Gendler

It’s a good day to be a pirate. Amaro and his four mateys, Bart, Charlotte, Daniel, and Eliza have struck gold: a chest with 100 coins. But now, they must divvy up the booty according to the pirate code. As captain, Amaro gets to propose how to distribute the coins. Then, each pirate, including Amaro […]

Underwater farms vs. climate change? – Ayana Johnson and Megan Davis

For 3 billion people around the world, seafood provides a significant source of protein and nutrition. But recent studies show that 33% of wild fisheries are overfished, while another 60% are fished at their maximum capacity. In fact, over half the seafood we eat– from finfish and shellfish to seaweed and algae– isn’t caught in […]

Why are fish fish-shaped? – Lauren Sallan

In tropical seas, flying fish leap out of the water, gliding for up to 200 meters using wing-like fins, before dipping back into the sea. In the Indo-Pacific, a hunting sailfish can reach speeds of 110 kilometers per hour. That’s 11 times faster than Olympic swimming champion Michael Phelps. It can then stick up its […]

How do schools of fish swim in harmony? – Nathan S. Jacobs

How do schools of fish swim in harmony? And how do the tiny cells in your brain give rise to the complex thoughts, memories, and consciousness that are you? Oddly enough, those questions have the same general answer: emergence, or the spontaneous creation of sophisticated behaviors and functions from large groups of simple elements. Like […]

How do fish make electricity? – Eleanor Nelsen

In 1800, the explorer Alexander von Humboldt witnessed a swarm of electric eels leap out of the water to defend themselves against oncoming horses. Most people thought the story so unusual that Humboldt made it up. But fish using electricity is more common than you might think; and yes, electric eels are a type of […]